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Architecture and History of Blake House
These pages are dedicated to the history of the Blake Museum which was founded in 1926.
It is probable that the house was built on the site of an earlier building (or possibly two) in about 1500. It was an ‘L’ shaped
structure with the North-South range, containing the Great Hall and Parlour, running parallel to Blake Street. A service wing ran at
right angles to it, back from the street at the southern end.
The GREAT HALL (Blake Room and Reception Area) occupied the most northern part of the house. Originally this room had two
or three Ham Stone windows, parts of which can still be seen on the outside wall. In the 19th century an open fireplace in the east
wall was replaced by one in the north wall. Also the most southern bay of the Great Hall was partitioned off to form the present
A 'screens passage’ would have originally separated the two main rooms from each other, and the front and back entrances. A
door would have led north into the Great Hall and south into the PARLOUR (Meeting Room). This room was greatly altered in the
19th century, with the in-corporation of the screens passage at the north end and the creation of a new passage at the south end.
More recently the room has been restored to reveal a Ham Stone fireplace and small Ham Stone Window. The room probably had
one or two similar windows facing the street.
A doorway to the right of the fireplace leads into a room which was originally part of a separate property, acquired by the council
and incorporated into the Museum in 1962.
The staircase to the first floor originally rose from the Great Hall, beside the fireplace. It was probably of stone and contained in a
stone turret, the remains of which can still be seen in the Office Store. Much of this staircase was destroyed when the present
wooden stairs were inserted in the 19th century.
The late mediaeval timber roof is more or less untouched. It is of six bays carried by three-jointed cruck trusses, which form the
partitions of the three upstairs rooms (Bygones, Maritime and Battle).
In the present Battle Room, the Ham Stone fireplace corresponds to the one below. To the left is a blocked window opening, now
a display case, which was probably similar to the window below. The room is known for the late 17th and 18th century graffiti,
which has been found etched into the plaster - these were described in a sale poster of 1924.
South East Wing
The changes made to this area in the 17th, 18th and 19th centuries have all but destroyed the mediaeval layout of this wing.
Originally a two-storey structure it is only the south wall that remains intact - the original north wall has disappeared.
There is also a considerable difference in height between the principle range and what remains of the wing.
It is suggested that the first floor of the main building overhung the ground floor by four feet, the overhang being supported by
pillars. The alterations have resulted in a wider and perhaps shorter wing.
Blake House is a late mediaeval building of about 1500; it is believed to be the birthplace of Robert Blake (1598-1657). Robert’s
father, Humphrey Blake, owned the house by the time of his marriage to Sarah Williams in 1597. Humphrey was an important
merchant in the town having inherited a shipping business from his father.
At Humphrey's death in 1625 his estate was divided between his first two sons Robert and Humphrey- Robert inherited an estate
at Crandon-cum-Puriton, and a share of the family house in Bridgwater. Humphrey shared the Bridgwater house and took over the
management of the shipping business. Sometime after, Humphrey left Bridgwater for London and retirement. He probably left the
business in the hands of his son William. William died in 1714, the last member of the family with the name Blake in Bridgwater;
he was survived by a married daughter.
A hundred years later the house was owned by the Mayor, Alderman and Burgesses of the Borough of Bridgwater. In 1814 it was
rented to Miss Christina Balch. Ten years later Mr Edward Sealy (brick maker and merchant) was the leaseholder. In 1863 George
Parker acquired the freehold from the Borough, and by 1908 it was owned by William Kitch a local builder and entrepreneur.
In 1924 William Kitch sold the house back to the Borough Council for use as the town's Museum, with the garden destined to
become part of Blake Gardens. The Blake Museum opened to the public in 1926.
A reconstruction of the original appearance of Blake House courtesy Mr Chris Sidaway
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